What Is Commodity Trading ?

Commodity trading is another asset class for savvy investors to ensure their investments are well diversified. Commodities investment can be either for hedging their underlying commodity exposure or for trading purely for profits and take advantage of arbitrage that exists.

GEPL has a well-qualified team to advise its customers in commodities. We are a member of both MCX and NCDEX

Advantages Of Commodity Trading?

Diversification is an important rule to prudent investment. So it is only logical to look at other asset classes to spread your nest eggs.

Commodities offer short-term investment opportunities. When price volatility and cyclical movement are favorable, commodities can offer significant returns. However, there is a carrying cost of holding commodity exposure.

Apart from offering the comfort of diversification, price predictability is another edge that favors commodities investment.

Since they are exchange-traded and cash-settled, only a margin is required to trade in commodities. This luxury of leverage is another advantage to investing in futures.

Commonly traded commodities like precious metals and crude are highly liquid, making it easy to get in out of the market.


Our step by step guide will help you through understanding the basics.

Before you invest for the first time it is important to understand the basics. We’ve put together a step-by-step guide to investments that we hope will clarify some of the broader benefits and risks.

    Why invest with us?

    GEPL has a well-qualified team to advice its customers in commodities. We deliver customized solutions and capital trading experience that are framed from thorough research and analysis of the market and products in conjunction with your goals. We are a member of both MCX and NCDEX.

      Commodity trading

      The upcoming avenue for increasing wealth, Commodities investment is a change from the traditional investments in stocks and bonds. It offers investors a vast field for gaining returns through diversification. Commodities offer short-term investment opportunities. When price volatility and cyclical movement are favorable, commodities can offer significant returns.

      Benefits of Commodities

      • DiversificationThe nature of Commodities Investment ensures that your portfolio is diversified
      • Medium-term Investment Commodities are a short or medium-term investment that makes it easy to track and engage with.
      • Leverage PowerPrice predictability favors commodities investment. Since they are exchange traded and cash settled, only a margin is required to trade in commodities.
      • Liquidity Commonly traded commodities like precious metals and crude are highly liquid, making it easy to get in and out of the market.

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        Yes, like equity markets, commodity market has circuit breakers. Exchanges have circuit filters in place. The filters vary from commodity to commodity but the maximum individual commodity circuit filter is 6 per cent. The price of any commodity that fluctuates either way beyond its set price limit will fall in circuit breaker category.

        Rolling over of hedge position means the closing out of existing position in the futures contract and simultaneously taking a new position in a futures contract with a later date of expiry.

        It is the rate at which the contract is settled on the expiry date. Usually it is the average of the spot prices of the last few trading days (as specified by the exchange) before the contract maturity.

        The contract enters into the tender period a few days before the expiry. This enables the members to express their intention whether to give or take delivery.

        Mark-to-market margins (MTM or M2M) are payable based on closing prices at the end of each trading day. These margins will be paid by the buyer if the price declines and by the seller if the price rises. This margin is worked out on difference between the closing/clearing rate and the rate of the contract (if it is entered into on that day) or the previous day's clearing rate. The Exchange collects these margins from buyers if the prices decline and pays to the sellers and vice versa.

        It is the minimum percentage of the contract value required to be deposited by the members/clients to the exchange before initiating any new buy or sell position. This must be maintained throughout the time their position is open and is returnable at delivery, exercise, expiry or closing out.

        Hedging means taking a position in the futures or options market that is opposite to a position in the physical market. It reduces or limits risks associated with unpredictable changes in price. The objective behind this mechanism is to offset a loss in one market with a gain in another.

        The biggest advantage of trading in commodity futures is price risk management and price discovery. Farmers can protect themselves against undesirable price movements and decide upon cropping pattern. The merchandisers avoid price risk. Processors keep control on raw material cost and decreasing inventory values. International traders also can lock in their prices.

        In a spot market, commodities are physically bought or sold usually on a negotiable basis resulting in delivery. While in the futures markets, commodities can be bought or sold irrespective of the physical possession of the underlying commodity. The futures market trades in standardised contractual agreements of the underlying asset with specific quality, quantity, and mode of delivery whose settlement is guaranteed by regulated commodity exchanges.

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